The U.S. Revolutionary War and Our Cash Family

Our Cash Family Connection

Kathy Shea, who - on her mother's side - is our cousin, related to our family via our Cash line, has provided me with an extensive, well-documented 99-page report on Cash family genealogy. Included in this report is information about the military service of our ancestral Cash family, which adds greatly to the knowledge we already have on the subject of our family's military involvement.

Revolutionary War Soldiers

For example, here is a quick look at what Kathy’s research shows about those in our ancestral Cash family who served in the U.S. Revolutionary War:

John Cash, born about 1754
Military Service on 05 Aug 1776 in Flying Camp under Captain Philip Maroney

William Cash,1756-1848
Military Service on 06 Aug 1776 in Captain Philip Maroney's Company in the Flying Camp, Maryland


In researching “Flying Camp, Maryland”, where her research records those two men as serving, I found a website that contains the following:

"...There were several Flying Camp Battalions...formed during the Revolutionary War. In particular was a company of Flying Camp that was mustered into service called Maroney’s Company. There were several men from the Toms Creek Hundred Settlement that served with Captain Philip Maroney’s Company...

Listed below is a copy of the muster roll of Captain Maroney’s Company of Flying Camp:
[Muster] Roll of Captain Philip Maroney’s Company, Flying Camp, Maryland August 5, 1776 – List of the members of Captain Philip Maroney’s Company, in the Flying Camp, August 5, 1776, enlisted in the Middletown District and elsewhere, Frederick County, Maryland.” [Emphasis added]

Here's another paragraph from that website:

"Tom's Creek Hundreds Revolutionary War heritage is only a small footnote in history books. Their deeds and contributions for independence are ones that surely must be remembered. These are true American heroes and the only monuments to honor these American heroes are the gravestones that mark their grave..." [Emphasis added]

That muster roll, indeed, shows both John Cash and William Cash being members of Maroney's company during the Revolutionary War. Here is a link to the site.


More about the Flying Camp

"In the American Revolutionary War, the Flying Camp was a military formation employed by the Americans in the second half of 1776.

After the British evacuation of Boston in March 1776, General George Washington met with members of the Continental Congress to determine future military strategy. Faced with defending a huge amount of territory from potential British operations, Washington recommended forming a 'flying camp', which in the military terminology of the day referred to a mobile, strategic reserve of troops. Congress agreed and on June 3, 1776, passed a resolution 'that a flying camp be immediately established in the middle colonies and that it consist of 10,000 men ....'

The men recruited for the Flying Camp were to be militiamen from three colonies: 6000 from Pennsylvania, 3400 from Maryland, and 600 from Delaware. They were to serve until December 1, 1776, unless discharged sooner by Congress, and to be paid and fed in the same manner as regular soldiers of the Continental Army.

Brigadier-General Hugh Mercer of Virginia was commissioned as its commandant."

: Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. Revised ed. New York: McKay, 1974, quoted here.


William Cash's Revolutionary War Pension Records

Page 1
age 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12: Info about his service, who he served under and more
Page 13
Page 14
Page 15
Page 16
Page 17
Page 18
Page 19
Page 20
Page 21: Letter from Treasury Department showing him being paid for seven months in 1839
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Page 27

Ancestry.com (available here via Cash cousin Kathy Shea's Flickr site)

Before getting into the details of how John and William Cash fit into our ancestral family, let's look at a bit of information about the area in which they lived in those days:

"All of the settlements of present day Washington and Frederick County [Maryland] repeatedly came under attack by Indian war parties. Monocacy (believed to be located a short distance from the present day Creagerstown) was burned until only the old log Church and a few nearby buildings were left standing. The war was eventually won through the efforts of the colonial army with little actual help from the British regulars.

By early 1756, the Pennsylvania General Assembly finally decided to take action and defend the settlers. Pennsylvania voted to build a chain of forts along the Blue Ridge Mountains from the Delaware River to the Mason-Dixon Line. These forts were to serve and protect communities from Indian attacks. William McCord and his brothers built Ft. McCord in 1756 as part of this line of Pennsylvania’s frontier forts. It is well known and memorialized in Pennsylvania history where 26 people lost their lives or were captured on April 1, 1756 in an attack by the Indians backed by the French." (Source)

In other words, our Cash forebears were on the wild frontier of the settlement of what is now the state of Maryland - and were among the settlers subject to the Indian wars of that era.


Our Family’s Direct Descendancy from a Revolutionary War Soldier

Using Kathy's report as a starting point, here are the details behind the Cash military service summarized above - and our relationship to the men involved:

John Cash married Mary Dawson

We currently know little about him other than that he died in September, 1726, in Prince George's County, Maryland. Research about him is ongoing.

Mary Dawson was the daughter of Edward Dawson and another Mary (unknown maiden name).
John’s wife Mary was born in 1685 in Prince George's County, Maryland.
She died in 1751 in Maryland.

John Cash and Mary Dawson had seven children, one of whom was another John Cash.

John Cash married Ann Shaw
He was born 22 August 1714 in Prince George's County, Maryland.
Residence: 1751 - 1758 in Frederick County, Maryland
Residence: 1778 - 1794 in Montgomery County, Maryland
He died in March, 1794 in Montgomery County, Maryland.
(Kathy Shea has his will.)

Ann Shaw was the daughter of William Shaw and Elizabeth (maiden name unknown).
Ann was born about 1736.
Residence: 1800 in Montgomery County, Maryland
She died in 1801 in Montgomery County, Maryland.
(Kathy Shea also has her will.)

John Cash and Ann Shaw were married about 1753. They had ten children, among whom were the John and William Cash referred to above - the soldiers in the U.S. revolutionary War.

Our direct line descends from William, my generation's GGGGG grandfather. His brother, John Cash, was our GGGGG grand uncle.

William Cash married Keziah Nicholls
He was born in 1756 in Frederick County, Maryland.
Military service 06 August 1776 in Captain Philip Maroney's Co. in the Flying Camp, Maryland
Residence: 1790 in Montgomery County, Maryland
Residence: 1796 in Frederick County, Maryland
Residence 1805 - 1830 in Belmont County, Ohio
Death: 31 December 1848
Burial in Union Township, Belmont County, Ohio
(Lloydsville (Plainfield) Cemetery)

Keziah "Cassie" Nicholls was the daughter of John Nicholls and Ann (unknown maiden name).
Keziah was born about 1760 in Maryland.
She died before 1830 in Belmont County, Ohio.

William Cash and Keziah "Cassie" Nicholls were married on 26 March 1779 in Frederick County, Maryland. They had four children, one of whom was Jonathan Cash.

[Editor's note: The information about Jonathan Cash below was provided by sources believed to be reliable. However, after applying for membership in the Sons of the American Revolution I've learned that documentation of the father-son relationship between WIlliam and Jonathan isn't avalible. In fact, no documentation of the existence of this Jonathan Cash (there are others) has been found. No census records, marriage record, death record, etc., have been located; the research continues.]

Jonathan Cash married Mary (unknown maiden name)
He was born in 1783 in Frederick County, Maryland.
Residence: 1803 in Ohio
Residence 1850 in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio
He died in 1861 in Belmont County, Ohio.
Burial in St. Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio
(St. Clairsville Methodist Cemetery).

Mary was born in 1784 in Virginia.
She died in 1870 in Belmont County, Ohio.
Burial in St. Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio
(St. Clairsville Methodist Cemetery).

Jonathan Cash and Mary were married on 26 March 1799 in Frederick County, Maryland. They had one child, also named Jonathan.

Jonathan Cash married Mary Stotlar
He was born on 02 October 1801 in Maryland.
Residence: 1803 in Ohio
Residence on 01 June 1840 - 1874 in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio
Occupation: Farmer

He died on 29 March 1874 in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio.
Burial in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio
(Belmont Ridge Cemetery)

Mary Stotlar was the daughter of Henry Stotlar and Mary (unknown maiden name).
She was born on 17 April 1801 in Virginia.
Residence: 1850 in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio
She died on 06 November 1854 in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio.
Burial in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio.
(Belmont Ridge Cemetery)

Jonathan Cash and Mary Stotlar were married on 10 September 1822 in Belmont County, Ohio. They had six children, one of whom was William Galen Cash.

William Galen Cash married Mary Elizabeth (Mollie) AndersonHe was born on 11 October 1847 in Belmont County, Ohio.
Residence: 1850 – 1910 in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio
He died on 25 September 1916 in Franklin, Ohio.
Burial in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio.
(Belmont Ridge Cemetery)

Mary Elizabeth Anderson was the daughter of Dennis Parrott Anderson and Margaret Bonar.
She was born on 16 June 1852 in Ohio.
Residence: 1880 – 1927 in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio
She died on 24 November 1927.
Burial in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio
(Belmont Ridge Cemetery).

W. G. Cash and Mary Elizabeth Anderson were married on 26 December 1871 in Belmont County, Ohio. They had three children, one of whom was Leona D. Cash.

Leona Cash married Fleetwood Churchill JonesShe was born on 17 June 1873 in Flushing township, Belmont County, Ohio.
Residence: 1880 in Flushing Township, Belmont County, Ohio.
Residence: 1900 – 1930 in Goshen Township, Bethesda Precinct, Belmont County, Ohio.
She died on 27 June 1957 in Barnesville, Belmont County, Ohio.

Leona and Fleetwood were married on 20 June 1894 in Barnesville, Belmont County, Ohio. They were the parents of two children, one of whom was Carleton Duane Jones.

Carleton D. Jones married Nelle Virginia Field
They were the parents of Fleeta Claire Jones, Paul Wesley Jones, DeRand Jones and Virginia Lee Jones. These were/are the parents of my generation, and their details will be available when I add our Jones family's stories to this blog.


The source of most of the information above is the report compiled by Kathy Shea. Some of the information from W.G. Cash on down comes from the archive assembled by my generation’s uncle, DeRand Jones, who personally interviewed his grandmother, Leona Cash Jones, about family history over an extended period.


Our McPherson and Anderson Connections

In addition to the above, according to our family’s oral tradition - as recorded by my generation’s uncle DeRand - the Reverends John McPherson and James Anderson each reportedly served as chaplains in the Revolutionary War, but I’ve been unable to document either of them serving. That doesn't mean it isn't true, it just means that I haven't yet been able to confirm it.

Regarding chaplains, the evidence suggests that their role was/is an important one.

"Since the [Chaplain] [C]orps was created on July 29, 1775, more than 25,000 chaplains have served as religious and spiritual leaders for 25 million Soldiers and their families. Presently, the Army has 2,700 chaplains and an equal number of assistants across the active Army, Reserve and National Guard. More than 1,000 chaplains have been mobilized or deployed in support of contingency operations worldwide since 2003.

Present in more than 270 major combat engagements, 400 chaplains have died in combat going back to the Revolutionary War battles at Lexington, Concord Bridge and Bunker Hill. Gen. George Washington pushed for chaplains to be assigned to individual regiments and even ordered religious services to be performed at 11 a.m. every Sunday." (Source)

In fact, then General George Washington issued the following General Order:

“New York, July 9th, l776

The Honorable Continental Congress having been pleased to allow a Chaplain to each Regiment, with the pay of Thirty-Three Dollars and one third dollars pr month - The Colonels or commanding officers of each regiment are directed to procure Chaplains accordingly; persons of good Characters and exemplary lives - To see that all inferior officers and soldiers pay them a suitable respect and attend carefully upon religious exercises. The blessing and protection of Heaven are at all times necessary but especially so in times of public distress and danger - The General hopes and trusts, that every officer and man, will endeavor so to live, and act as becomes a Christian Soldier defending the dearest Rights and Liberties of his country.”

Last updated 8/28/2010

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